When you undergo a dental extraction procedure, your dentist will numb the area with local anesthesia. You can also receive an anti-anxiety medication or an intravenous sedative. If tooth extraction involves an impacted tooth, the tooth may break into pieces before being removed.
The extraction of the teeth is divided into two basic categories: simple and surgical. Here is what you can expect from each one:
- Simple: A simple extraction of teeth involves the removal of a tooth that is visible in the mouth. This could mean removing a damaged or decayed tooth, or removing teeth before receiving the brakes. General dentists can do simple dental extractions. When you undergo simple tooth extraction, you will receive local anesthesia. In addition, some dental professionals administer anti-anxiety medications or use conscious sedation for simple cases of tooth extraction. In most cases, over-the-counter painkillers are sufficient to control pain after these procedures.
- Surgical: The extraction of surgical teeth is an operation performed by an oral surgeon that involves the removal of teeth that are not visible in the mouth, because they have not entered or because the tooth has broken. People with special medical conditions can receive general anesthesia when they extract teeth that require surgery. You can also receive prescription painkillers for use immediately after the surgical procedures to remove the teeth.
After any type of tooth extraction, be sure to follow your dental professional’s instructions for oral care, including the following tips:
- Eat Soft Foods: Keep mostly in fluids until the anesthesia is gone, and then limit your diet to soft foods for the first few days after a tooth is removed.
- Take care of your teeth: Do not brush your teeth immediately next to the tooth extraction area on the first day after the procedure, but brush the rest of the teeth. Two days after the extraction of a tooth, return to a good oral care routine.